At Greenlands all children, including SEND and disadvantaged, learn a variety of concepts and themes through studying a variety of different physical exercises and sports.
Why is PE important?
Regular physical activity can help children and adolescents improve cardiorespiratory fitness, build strong bones and muscles, control weight, reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression, and reduce the risk of developing health conditions. PE aims to encourage a lifetime love of sport and keeping fit. PE and sport aspires to build determination, passion, respect, honesty, self-belief and teamwork.
National Curriculum Purpose of Study
A high-quality physical education curriculum inspires all pupils to succeed and excel in competitive sport and other physically-demanding activities. It should provide opportunities for pupils to become physically confident in a way which supports their health and fitness. Opportunities to compete in sport and other activities build character and help to embed values such as fairness and respect.
Concepts and themes running through PE
Subject Specific Concepts
- Healthy, active lifestyles
Whole School Concepts
- Change - Improvement in performance & Attitude to physical education
- Power - Character building, embeds qualities such as fairness & respect
- Diversity - Attitudes to and between sports; attitudes between individuals
- Comparison - Technique, Rules, Sports
- Significance - Athletes, disciplines, events.
- Outdoor Adventure
Whole School Overview
Early Years Foundation Stage
Children develop their agility, balance and coordination in fun team and partner based activities in dance, gymnastics and physical literacy. Physical literature is broken into themed six-week units. Physical literacy is a by-product of many varied physical challenges, these can range from simple to complex.
Key Stage 1
In year 1 children are introduced to the elements of competitive sports in a way that is fun and supportive. Children take part in activities in gymnastics, dance, athletics and games. They learn to construct and develop movement patterns in gymnastics and dance, then reflect on their performances and suggest improvements. They are introduced to the principles of invasion games such as netball to prepare them for more organised play in KS2. Finally, they will extend their understanding of how activity contributes to health and enjoyment.
In year 2 lessons build on year 1 concepts, with more development activities for coordination, agility and balance as well as preparing children further for games like rounders, cricket and netball in KS2. Children develop striking and fielding skills for ball games and explore more complex movement patterns in dance and gymnastics. There is more emphasis on evaluating form and identifying ways to improve one’s own performance or make suggestions for improvement to others. Children will also be able to explain the principles of a healthy lifestyle and the role physical activity plays in keeping people healthy
Key Stage 2
In year 3 children are introduced to formal games like tag rugby, netball, rounders, tennis, and badminton through fun and supportive activities that teach rules, skills and simple gameplay tactics, such as defending as a team. Children extend their abilities in dance and gymnastics to include observing and reflecting on their own and others’ performances. Children will build their overall fitness through agility and flexibility activities.
In year 4 children advance their experience and skills in formal games including tag rugby, hockey, racquet sports, and rounders. Alongside skills development children begin to take greater ownership of their performances by judging their technique, measuring times, and distances, and recognising rules violations such as footwork fouls. They have regular opportunities to compete against others as well as set and pursue goals for themselves. In OAA children will participate in trust games and get to grips with the fundamentals of orienteering; map-reading and using a compass.
In year 5 children extend their understanding of games and fitness to include complex skills and tactics. Through fun and engaging activities children learn to apply more sophisticated, organised approaches to attacking and defending. Children develop their fitness further, completing activities to improve flexibility and strength, as well as improving confidence and stamina in athletics and gymnastics. Children begin to understand how strength, flexibility and other principles of fitness apply to different games.
In year children are encouraged to become active, self-evaluating participants in whatever game or activity they undertake. Children undertake achievable target setting exercises, develop an understanding of how to judge their current performance or skill level, and with support from their teacher develop plans to improve. Children work on developing fluent technique, recording distance and time data, and comparing and contrasting performances in a constructive manner with others. Children possess a sophisticated understanding of rules, laws and judging criteria for games and activities. They communicate and collaborate with others to achieve goals and solve problems throughout their lessons.